Prostate Cancer is the second most common cancer in men globally. More than 1.4 million men are diagnosed with this cancer each year. It occurs when some of the cells in the prostate reproduce far more rapidly than average, resulting in a tumor.
There are two types of prostate cancer, depending on where the cancer cells are found. The first and more common type is called adenocarcinoma and begins in the gland cells. The second type, called sarcoma, starts in the connective tissue.
Most cases of prostate cancer develop slowly and don’t cause any symptoms. Many men with prostate cancer don’t even know they have it. However, some men may experience urinary problems, such as difficulty urinating or a decreased force in the urine stream. There may also be blood in the urine or semen.
Prostate cancer is usually diagnosed through a digital rectal exam or a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. A biopsy may also be done to confirm the diagnosis.
What is a PSA test?
A PSA test is a simple routine blood test used to determine the measurement of Prostate Specific Antigen.
Your risk of Prostate Cancer increases with age, but that doesn’t mean it only affects older men. So, here is what you need to do:
- When you’re 50 years old, you need to consult your doctor and have a conversation about PSA testing. If you’re of African or Caribbean descent, do it at 45 years of age. Also, if you have a family history of the disease, also do it at 45 years old.
- Ask about it with your Doctor or GP whether testing is proper for you. The difference between early and late detection can be life and death.
Treatment for prostate cancer depends on the stage of cancer, as well as the age and health of the patient. There are three main treatment options: surgery, radiation, and hormone therapy. Chemotherapy may also be used in some cases.
If you have any questions or concerns about prostate cancer, please don’t hesitate to speak with your doctor.
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